Comprogear Compression Hose – Complete Guide (with images!)

Why Wear Compression Stockings?

Compression stockings or hose are primarily used to improve blood circulation and reduce swelling in legs and feet. They apply pressure to the veins and arteries, which helps the distribution of the blood and other fluids around the legs.

Different styles of Compression Socks For Men and Women

Compression socks are not limited to a particular set of people because there are several reasons why you may need to wear a pair of compression socks. The following are some common reasons for wearing compression socks.

  • Deep vein thrombosis: DVT takes place when blood clots form in your veins, and this can happen in any part of your body, although it is most common in the legs and thighs. Compression socks can help reduce the painful swelling that DVT causes, and it helps to improve your blood flow.
  • Edema: Edema refers to swelling that is mostly caused by a buildup of fluid in various parts of the body, particularly the legs and feet. Compression stockings can reduce the swelling caused by edema, and the more severe form, lymphedema.
  • Varicose veins: Varicose veins are extremely visible veins that appear on the skin, especially in the legs and feet. They are caused when blood gathers in the veins instead of coursing back to the heart. Varicose veins can be painful, so compression socks are worn to reduce the pain and swelling related to the condition.
  • Athletic injuries: Some athletes wear compression socks and sleeves because it helps improves their performance allegedly. There hasn’t been any concrete proof of this claim, but they are still useful for reducing swelling from injuries such as sprains, which are gotten from workouts and sports.
  • Pregnancy: Some pregnant women wear compression stockings to help reduce the swollen ankles and feet that can come during pregnancy.
  • Flights: During flights, the rise in altitude can cause swelling in certain people’s feet and legs, so they wear mild compression socks to combat it.
Type of Compression socks

How Long Do I Wear Compression Socks?

How Compression Socks Work On Users' Body

The time you would have to spend wearing compression socks is entirely dependent on the condition you have and its severity. Some conditions require you to wear them for at least two years before you see any effects, while some others need more time.

To get the best results, you have to wear the hose for a reasonable number of hours per day. Even when you wear them on a flight, you should leave them on for a few more hours. Also, you should take them off every night and put them back on first thing the next morning.

Side Effects of Wearing Compression Socks

Compression socks are very extremely useful, but they still cause some adverse side effects like most treatments. These side effects can be caused by prolonged use of compression stockings.

  • Loss of circulation
  • Tingling feet
  • Joint and knee aches
  • Corns and calluses
  • Discomfort in feet
  • Itching

Tips On Wearing Compression Socks

Man wearing Black Compression Socks
  • Wearing footwear such as shoes, socks, and slippers can protect your compression socks and help reduce the risk of damage by catching onto sharp edges that can cause runs and tears in your compression socks.
  • Almost anything can ruin your socks and reduce its efficiencies, such as tears, runs, and age. You should switch out your pair every few months so you can continue using a steady compression pressure.
  • Always buy two pairs of your compression socks, so you still have one to wear at all times.
  • Never use a washing machine to wash your socks as that can damage them. Only wash by hand and use warm water because direct heat can damage them.
  • Always examine your skin around the areas where you wear your compression stockings for any irritation or redness, as that is a sign that you’re reacting negatively to them, and you need to get a new pair.

Types of Compression Socks

Women Compression Socks

There is a wide range of styles of compression socks for men and women, and they vary in design, length, and thickness. One of the most popular types of compression stockings is the graduated compression socks that apply different levels of pressure, with the strongest at your feet and the mildest at your knees.

  • Length: Compression socks come in varying lengths for men and women, from ankle-length to knee-length, all the way to waist-high socks. The length is selected based on where you want the pressure applied.
  • Thickness: You can decide to go for a thick pair of socks, especially when you need intense pressure. With milder pressures, you can get away with wearing lighter and breathable materials.
Athlete Wears Colored Open-toe Socks
  • Open-toe or closed-toe: Although most people prefer the closed-toe design, the open-toe hose becomes quite popular during summer months because they allow you to wear sandals and slippers in the heat.
  • Material: Some socks contain latex, so if you have a latex allergy, then you should look for materials from brands that don’t include latex.
  • Levels: Compression socks come in many levels and degrees, and these are mainly dependent on the severity of the condition and swelling you have. Currently, they come in four (4) average compression levels.
    • Over the counter stockings (Mild/ Medium): These have the mildest compression levels of 15-20 mmHg, and they are the most accessible. You can get them at almost every pharmacy outlet, and you don’t require a prescription to get one. They are suitable for slight edema and other minor issues, and also ideal for use when working out and on flights.
    • Medical Grade Class 1 (Firm): These stockings have a range of 20-30 mmHg compression levels, and they offer more pressure than the over the counter ones. Pregnant women use these when they have swollen feet, and they are suitable for sprains and other injuries that occur during sports and workouts. You can also use compression stockings to prevent DVT and varicose veins.
    • Medical Grade Class 2 (Extra Firm): These stockings are used for post-surgery treatment and prevention of varicose veins. They have a pressure range of 30-40 mmHg, and they provide enough pressure to relieve symptoms of severe edema, prevent DVT, and Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS).
    • Medical Grade Class 3 (Pharmacy grade): These are the highest levels that are readily accessible by patients currently. They have a range of 40-50 mmHg, and they are ideal for severe cases of leg swelling, varicose veins, DVT, and lymphedema. You should always consult a doctor before using this grade of socks.
20-30 mmHg Black Hose Wore By An Athlete

How Do I Find The Correct Compression Socks?

Finding the correct compression stockings to wear depends on your reason for wanting the socks, the severity of your condition, and where you need the hose to work for you. You also have to consider the level of compression you need for your condition.

Compression Socks Size Variation For Men and Women

Firstly, you should consult your doctor or another qualified healthcare professional to be sure you need a compression sock or another form of treatment. Your doctor will also determine what type of compression stockings you should wear.

You do not legally require a prescription for most compression socks, but meeting your doctor first and getting an informed opinion will help you get the best possible option.

Once you get your perfect match, your legs will be measured to determine what size you would need. The best time to measure your legs and ankles is in the morning, soon after you get up from the bed. This is the best time because your legs are the most swollen at time, and waiting for too long will give you a smaller size that will be too tight. Also, make sure your socks do not have any holes or runs because they can interfere with the effectiveness of the hose.

How To Put On Compression Socks

Compression Donner Socks Support For Elderly and ill People

The first rule of thumb for wearing compression socks is to wear them on dry skin. Never attempt to put them on the right out of the shower because you won’t be able to get them to slide onto your skin. Also, avoid applying lotion immediately before trying them on because you can end up destroying the fibers of your socks.

Wearing your socks doesn’t have to be a big deal because the following steps will help you wear your socks smoothly and without runs in the seams.

  • First, sit down on an upright chair or the edge of your bed with your legs all nice and dry. You can also elevate your legs to make the process smoother.
  • Next, roll up the left or right sock and place them on your foot, ensuring that your whole foot is covered by the foot of the sock.
Sock Aid For Putting on Compression Socks
  • Gently roll the sock back up, going slowly, so you don’t cause a run in the sock. If you pull the sock too hard, you may create a run in the material, which can reduce its efficiency. If rolling up the sock seems difficult, you can lie down to make the process easier for you. You can also dampen your hands a little to give you a better grip on the sock.
  • Finally, make sure there isn’t any wrinkle or rum in the material. Do the same for the other sock or pant leg if you’re using a waist-high pair.
  • You can get devices that make this process much faster and easier, such as a stocking donner, a sock aid, and a heel slipper for open-toe socks. These are especially suitable for elderly and ill people who may find it difficult to wear their socks on their own.

Frequently Asked Questions On Compression Socks

Q. Why can’t I wear compression socks at night?

              A. It is highly advisable to wear your compression socks only during the day. Wearing them at night can cause you to experience numbness around your feet and legs. Always take them off before you go to bed at night.

Q. Should nurses wear compression socks?

             A. Yes, they should. Nurses mostly stand a lot throughout the day, especially if they have a long shift, so compression socks can help relieve some of the aches and fluid buildup that can occur from standing up all day.

Q. Can I wear my compression stockings while sitting down all day?

                A. Yes, you should, especially if your career involves a lot of sitting down at a desk for long periods. Compression stockings can help you combat the harmful effects of swelling and pain that can occur when you’ve been sitting down all day. People in certain careers are advised to wear compression socks regularly.

Q. Will I urinate more often while wearing compression socks?

              A. There is a myth that wearing compression socks redistributes fluids back into your system, and so can make you urinate more frequently, but that is entirely false. Rather, People with nocturia, which is a condition where you pee a lot more frequently, especially at night, are advised to use compression socks to reduce the frequency of urination.

Q. How long should I wear my compression socks for flights?

              A. People are advised to wear compression socks while flying to reduce the risk of getting deep vein thrombosis, but if you don’t wear them correctly, you might as well not bother. Always make sure you wear your compression socks for at least an hour after your flight for it to have any effect on your legs. You can take them off at your hotel or some hours after you check in.

Compression Socks and Sleeves

Q. Should I wear compression sleeves or socks?

              A. Compression sleeves and socks are quite similar, but they work differently, and this can cause some confusion among patients. The major difference between both is that compression socks cover the whole feet, while compression sleeves leave the feet open. You should wear the one that is suitable for the condition you’re trying to treat.

Conclusion

Compression socks are suitable for several cases, and not just for severe and painful conditions. Anybody can wear them as long as they are wearing them correctly and getting the full benefits of the compression hose. Although you don’t need your doctor’s permission to get a pair, you should do so you get the best guidance and direction.

Also, they are quite delicate, so you have to take the utmost care of them to ensure that they are properly stored and maintained throughout the time you need to wear them.