What is Glucose? Glucose is a sugar.
You may have heard it called by another name: blood sugar. Whenever someone talks about their blood sugar being low, they are talking about glucose. When our glucose falls outside the recommended levels, it can have an unhealthy effect and stop us from functioning normally.
It is a simple carbohydrate, with only one sugar, and that puts it in the company of fructose, galactose, and ribose. Carbohydrates are one of the body’s preferred sources of fuel, and glucose, in the right amounts, is going to give you the energy to live.
How is Glucose Processed
To gain a better understanding of what glucose is, you should also know how it is processed.
When you eat something, your body immediately starts to process glucose, along with everything else. Your pancreas, along with essential enzymes, starts to break down the glucose, and the pancreas creates insulin to deal with the newly-ingested sugar.
Diabetes is basically when the pancreas cannot create enough insulin to deal with the sugars, and that is why insulin needs to be injected.
Glucose is fine in moderation; you just don’t want to overeat continuously.
The Different Blood Sugar Levels and What They Mean
When it comes to blood sugar levels, we can use the Goldilocks analysis. The blood sugar is either too low, too high, or just right. If your blood sugar is not ‘just right,’ then it might be worth consulting a doctor, especially if this result is consistent.
There are three main blood sugar tests that should give you an accurate idea of your blood sugar levels.
· Before Meals/Fasting
You can take your blood sugar level right before you enjoy a meal or in the morning before eating (this is classed as an overnight fast). Your blood sugar level should be at its lowest during this time.
Your blood sugar level should be between 4.0 and 7.0 mmol/L. If it is higher, you may be hyperglycemic, and if it is lower, you may be hypoglycemic. If the numbers fall out of this range, consult a doctor to get some advice about how to return the numbers to normal.
· After Meal
Two hours after a meal is when your blood sugar will peak. When testing, your numbers should all between 5.0 and 10.0 mmol/L. Again, if your numbers fall consistently outside of this range, consult your doctor.
· Random Testing
Along with testing for lows and highs, you can perform random blood sugar tests. It does not matter if you test before a meal, during a meal, after a meal, or between meals, you should take note of the number and if it is higher than 11.0 mmol/L, then consult with your doctor.
Along with these testing methods, you can also check your A1c number, usually with your doctor. This is a measure of the average percent of your blood that has had sugar attached to it over the past 2-3 months. The goal is 7% or less and, again, consult your doctor to understand more about this number, how to test, and what the results mean for you.
What is a Glucometer?
A glucometer, or a glucose meter, is a medical device that is used to determine the approximate level of glucose in the blood. They can be used by both medical professionals and regular people who want to measure glucose levels in the comfort of their own home.
Most glucometers test a drop of your blood. They usually come with a lancet that you can prick your finger with to test the blood (don’t worry, it is a minor inconvenience). When you use the glucometer to test your blood, a series of chemical reactions take place between the sugar in your blood and the chemicals on the test strip.
This reaction, in turn, creates an electrical current that measures the amount of glucose in your blood. Finally, a meter converts the current to a readable number, and you have your results in seconds.
Is a Diabetes Test Kit a Glucometer?
Yes, a diabetes test kit is basically a glucometer, or, at the very least, it will contain a glucometer. Seeing as you need to know your glucose levels when you are testing for diabetes, a glucose meter is an integral part of the kit.
Of course, that does not mean that there is not more to a diabetes test kit. Kits will vary from company to company, but all will come with the tools to diagnose and monitor diabetes symptoms.
We always recommend consulting a doctor, no matter what the readings. One reading, and even many readings, may not give an accurate picture of the situation, and you may misdiagnose if you rely only on the kit. There is also an additional problem, which leads us to…
Are Glucose Meters Accurate?
Studies have shown that glucose meters are not always accurate. The accuracy of the individual strips can vary, and that can mean that your numbers are not what is shown or that you have to take numerous tests before you can be sure of the results. Of course, this will vary from test to test, and there are some out there that are more accurate than others, while some are worth avoiding at all costs (scroll down to find some of our recommend glucose meters).
The better quality test kits are accurate 95% of the time, and to within 15% of lab numbers.
So, what can you do to ensure the most accurate reading?
- Check the strip and don’t use damaged strips.
- Check the expiry date before use.
- Keep the strips away from heat, moisture, and humidity.
- Read the instructions before use.
Who Should Buy a Glucose Meter?
The main reason to buy and use a glucose meter is if you have diabetes. If you do, you are going to want to monitor your glucose levels.
If you think that you might have diabetes or are hyperglycemic/hypoglycemic, then it can be worth investing in a glucose meter.
Even if you do not suspect that you have high or low blood sugar levels, it is still beneficial to have a glucometer to check. If you can catch any patterns early, you can treat the blood sugar levels before they become too extreme.
Need Continuous Glucose Monitoring?
If you have read through this and know that a glucose meter is something that you need, or are looking for one anyway, then read on to find the best glucometers for your needs.
The Best Glucose Meters
With a mix of affordability and functionality, this glucose meter tops our list as one of your best options for continual blood sugar monitoring.
The test kit is portable, with an included carry case, letting you take it wherever you go. When you do use the test kit, it is quick and easy. Once you have tested your sample, you will have the results back in just 5 seconds. The meter also recognizes batch codes to save you from having to program them.
With a large internal memory, the device can hold up to 300 readings. That allows you to store a 14-day average and look back at your numbers over time.
In the package, you have the monitor, plenty of test strips, a lancing device, 30-gauge twist lancets, battery, and carry case. You also benefit from the excellent customer care, and if your device is not working, defective, or if you have any problems with operation, they will be happy to help.
A professional, easy to use, and portable glucose meter.
All of the glucose meters on our list are extremely accurate, but one had to take the top accolade, and this is the one. With laboratory testing, and almost 250 tested blood samples, this test kit exceeds the standard of accuracy needed in a glucose meter, and that means that you are getting the best results to guide how your treat your blood sugar levels.
The glucometer has German-engineered chips and the latest biosensors. When you use a test strip, you benefit from temperature-aware and verification test technology, which helps to avoid interference from blood oxygen variations. You can take advantage of these tests at all times of the day, pre-meal, post-meal, and any other time that you want to test. You can store up to 450 tests, and this allows you to monitor your continuous results, checking on 90-day averages.
We also like the adjustable lancing device, giving you different depth options, so you can go as deep as you need to get your sample, resulting in less pain, and great for those with sensitive or thin skin.
With numerous test strips, sterile lancets, a high-quality glucose meter, and a handy travel kit, this is an accurate glucose meter that is easy to use.
Best Bang for Your Buck
When it comes to affordability while guaranteeing quality, you can’t go far wrong with this handy device.
Many devices can be hard to get used to, and that can lead to too much or too little blood being sampled, giving wrong readings, but this glucose meter comes with an instructional video, a tutorial, on how to accurately use the device, leaving you to gain accurate readings from day one.
And, even though this is an affordable test kit, it is accurate. The testing standard exceeds minimum standards, functioning within 10% of laboratory tests 95% of the time. The included test strips are also cutting edge, with an automatic carbon printing technique that ensures the integrity of each test strip.
With friendly customer service and unparalleled accuracy at this price, this is a glucose test kit for every budget.
Best for Smartphones
If you want the convenience of an integrated smartphone app, then there is no better glucose meter.
With Bluetooth capabilities, you can use this test kit to test your blood sugar and ketone levels, perfect if you are diabetic, want to monitor your blood sugar, or are on the keto diet. You can even combine the two tests to gain valuable insight into what is going on inside your body. The free smartphone app lets you sync your readings to your phone and integrates with other health apps.
For those who are techno-phobic, don’t worry; the app includes auto coding and is extremely intuitive. It has a large memory capacity, enough to hold 1,000 tests, and there are individually wrapped strips to maintain sterility and integrity.
A great test kit for those who want more than just blood sugar level testing.
If you are new to the game and want something that is easy to use, then this starter kit has everything that you would ever need. With lots of accessories and an intuitive system, you won’t have to worry about user manuals and online tutorials.
In the kit, you have the diabetes monitor, 100 test strips, 100 lancets, a lancing device, control solution, manual, logbook, and a handy carry case. The device is so easy to use that you won’t even need to consult the manual, though we always recommend that you do.
The tests are extremely accurate, and you will have the results in 5 seconds. There is also second chance sampling, a handy addition when you are still getting used to a new system. There is no coding, daily alarm reminders for those who appreciate the reminder, saved pre- and post-meal glucose level tests, and 7, 14, and 30-day averages.
An excellent kit that is easier to sue than most.
What to Look for When Purchasing a Glucose Meter
Buying a glucose meter is easy, but choosing the best one out there, or the one that best fits your needs, is a tougher prospect. So, before you go out there and buy one, take some time to consider the following.
You will have to pay a one-off fee when you buy your glucose meter, but they generally do not vary much in price. The key is to research the accessories. You will be buying replacement strips and lancets at some point. Check how many are included with the device, and check how much replacements cost. Sometimes, you will find that the more expensive devices can be cheaper in the long run.
If you are suffering from health issues, and need to check your blood sugar levels to help treat this issue, then it is worth looking into your health insurance. If you can claim part or all of the cost, then you can spend your money on something more enjoyable too.
You may have noticed that all of the devices on our list come with automatic coding. This means that you do not have to calibrate the device, download any codes, or work with an app. The problem with coding is that it can give you inaccurate results if you enter any information incorrectly.
We recommend automatic coding to save you from any hassles.
While this is not essential, if you want to track your levels over a period of time without having to write anything down, then you are going to want some internal storage in the device. Most devices will give at least 14 days, while others can give up to 90.
If you need to track your levels, then having storage is a must.
You don’t want to waste your time waiting for your test results. If you are testing multiple times a day, then this soon adds up. Most testing kits will give you your results in less than five seconds, and we don’t recommend settling for anything less.
While most units are compact, you are going to want to go small if this device is going to be used on the go. And, while considering the device, consider the accessories too. Do the lancets and strips come in a large container? If the device uses batteries, what size are the batteries, and how many? Check out the kit and imagine how it will pack up for travel. And, if it comes with a case, that makes things a lot easier.
Modern testing kits use smaller blood samples with more accuracy. If you are sensitive to lancing, then look for a test kit that has variable lancing depths and uses the smallest sample sizes—the smaller the sample size, the shallower the lancet, and the less pain involved.
Disclaimer: most modern kits have improved to the point that the pain is minimum as standard.
How Many Times Can Lancets Be Used?
Most, if not all, manufacturers will recommend that you change your lancet after every use, and there is a good reason for that: profits.
From talking to experienced glucometer users, it is clear that you can get a few uses out of a lancet, and some even go for a week or two before changing. The only downside is that the lancets can become duller, but that is not a big deal for a simple finger prick.
Go with what you are comfortable with, and be sure to buy a device with lots of lancets if you are going to change them regularly. Also, check the cost of replacement lancets for when you run out.
Which Finger is Best to Check for Blood Sugar Levels?
The World Health Organization recommends using the ring or middle finger for tests. Don’t use the pinkie finger as it has the thinnest skin and will result in more pain. When you prick your finger with the lancet, you might have to squeeze your finger to release a droplet of blood so that you can complete the test.
Does Squeezing a Finger Change Blood Sugar Readings?
While you may have to squeeze a finger gently to release some blood, we discourage squeezing too hard. If you do, you can dilute your sample with plasma (tissue fluid), and you will not get an accurate reading.
If you find that you are having to squeeze your finger every time you are taking a blood sample, then it is time to adjust the lancet depth or invest in a test kit that has a variable lancet. It is better to prick deeper to get an accurate sample to read.
How Often Do You Need to Test Blood Sugar?
The amount of testing will depend on the reason for testing. If you do not have any underlying conditions, then you might only want to test once a day. However, if you have diabetes, you might have to test 4-10 times a day. You can take this as a rough guide, and we recommend that you consult your doctor to schedule your testing.
If you do have diabetes, it is pretty normal to test before each meal, after any physical activity, and before bed.
There are reasons to test more frequently. If you are sick or not feeling yourself, notice big fluctuations in your blood sugar levels, are becoming more active, or are advised by your doctor, then you may have to test more.
Tips and Tricks for Using a Glucose Meter
Always be prepared. Before using your blood test kit, ensure that you have everything that you need. Check your test strip and lancet level, and order more well ahead of time (you never know when a package will be delayed), and change the lancet if it needs to be changed. Also, remember to check the batteries. There is nothing worse than using the lancet and then having your sample go to waste.
When testing your blood, you should always remember to wash your hands before your test. You want to remove any contamination from your fingers that could alter the result of the test.
Don’t forget your cleanup. Use a cotton ball if needed, and dispose of the test strip once you have your result. If you are done with the lancet, be sure to dispose of it in a sharps bin.
Use a control solution to calibrate the device if you think that the readings are not correct. Perhaps you have been out for a long hike, and your sugar levels are showing as being high. Use the solution and make sure that the result falls within the desired range. If it falls out of the range, then call your meter company if the device cannot be recalibrated manually.
Pro-tip: use a second drop. You are out hiking in the great outdoors, go to test your blood sugar levels, and realize that you are out of alcohol swabs to properly clean your finger. So, what do you do? You can use a second blood drop. Simply prick your finger and then wipe away the drop of blood. Let a second drop appear, giving a gentle squeeze if needed, and use that to test your sugar levels. That gives you the best chance of using a sample that is not contaminated.