TED Stockings !
The Most common blockages outside the heart tend to be in the legs. They are very common in diabetic people and smokers. You are likely to experience discomfort when you walk. Therefore, a lot of times you may fail to seek medical assistance because you may think the pain may go away on its own. There is this expectation that as you get older things should hurt when walking. People normally say that the pain goes away after walking a few blocks. Typically, it does not happen when you are sitting or lying down unless it is really advanced stage where the blood clots are so severe to start to cause pain even without walking or doing any physical activities. One of the easiest remedies that you can consider are T.E.D stockings. These uniquely made anti embolism socks will help treat blood clots.
Highlighted Benefits of T E D Hoses and Medical Socks
- Anti embolism socks boost blood flow and circulation to the legs
- Anti embolism hoses help prevent clotting for patients confined to bed rest
- Anti embolism socks and compression hoses have proven to be effective for treating symptoms of VTE and DVT
- Ideal for people who sit down most of the time
- They can be a comfortable and therapeutic outfit during pregnancy
- Help reduce swelling in the legs
- Help treat Phlebitis
- Anti embolism socks and compression hoses help treat lymphedema
- They also keep the legs warm in cold weather
What are They?
TED stockings are anti embolism stockings that are clinically advised on reducing deep vein thrombosis and lymph drainage of the leg. This means that while patients are restricted from moving out of bed anti embolism hosiery will assist in stopping blood clots from forming.
Difference between TED Stockings and Compression Stockings
Anti embolism socks are specifically manufactured to assisting patients that have been confined to bed by preventing blood clotting, venous thromboembolism and deep vein thrombosis. Doctors normally order these medical socks after a patient has had surgery. This is so because post-surgery patients are normally confined to a bed for a while. So, when you are immobile blood is pulling in your leg, which puts you at risk for a blood clot. Unlike graduated compression socks, anti embolism socks are purposely designed to be white in color with a hole in the toe region that assists in monitoring a patient’s recovery, blood circulation as well as other signs that may occur. This type of compression socks are not available in many different colors, but only the traditional white color.
Medical Pressure Levels of T.E.D Medical Stockings
The parameter used for compression levels for both TED hosiery and compression socks is (mmHg) millimeters of mercury. For the compression socks, the levels range from 15-20, 20-30, and 30-40. As far compression levels of medical hoses are concerned, you may need a doctor’s prescription to wear firm and extra-firm medical socks. For the anti embolism socks, the compression level range is from 8-18mmHg. TED hosiery are hard to put on especially for patients who are not strong in the hands and those suffering from arthritis. But because the patient is restricted to no movement with a caregiver on sight, they can assist them in wearing medical hoses. Anti embolism socks do not hold up well. Although, there is a holdup band used on this compression hoses. It is always necessary to have accurate measurements of your leg to ensure perfectly fitting size. When choosing the best size, you will have to measure the following: Ankle, Calf, Popliteal, Lower thigh, and Upper thigh.
Do You Need Them?
The question whether one needs anti embolism socks or compression socks should be well looked at. This is because for one to wear TED hosiery you need to be recovering from a surgery or confined to a bed. However, anti embolism hosiery have a lower pressure gradient, which means they are safe to use without necessarily being in a hospital. They may; however, not be the most ideal choice for people who move a lot, such as nurses and runners.
What is Venous Thromboembolism or VTE?
Venous thromboembolism is a condition where clotting of the blood forms on the deep part s of the leg, arm, groin and travels into your circulation. Blood clotting formed deep in the arms, leg and groin is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT); while blood clotting occurring from a DVT breaking free from vein wall blocking blood circulation is known as pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT can aggregate pain and swelling, which can result to serious problems if the blood travels to your lungs. One should have the knowledge of recognizing the signs of this condition especially if you have had surgery, long trip or been recently traumatized.
How T.E.D Stockings Help Treat VTE
Because VTE is a serious condition as a blood clot can move way up and prevent blood circulation. Serious complications can occur and the doctor would recommend compression socks instead of the TED stockings. With the compression hoses they come with different degree of tightness. This is important as it will assist you in looking for the right medical socks best suited for you. Your physician may advise on knee high compression socks, if there is swelling below the knee. And full length compression hoses or thigh length medical hoses if there is an occurrence of swelling above the knee. However, if the condition is not serious, you can effectively manage it with TED stockings.
Other Conditions that can be alleviated with These Garments
- Varicose Veins
These are circular shaped veins that upon expanding fully may cause inflammation that is painful to the legs. They do not disappear on their own once they form. Medical hoses may help in reducing their appearance and pain that comes with varicose veins in some people.
These damaged veins are small in size and appear on the surface of your legs in a spider web pattern. By using anti embolism hoses, you can be able to treat and reduce spreading of the spider veins. The medical socks used will place pressure on the lower legs veins.
Anti embolism hoses are useful in treating specific type of edema occurring in the lower parts of the legs. With a low compression from the medical socks one can treat leg edema both pitting and non-pitting without necessarily having a prescription.
This mainly occurs due to clotting of veins caused by inflammation close to the surface. This mainly affects people with varicose veins and usually manifests itself in the legs. In severe cases phlebitis can cause blood clots that may dangerously travel to the brain, heart and lungs. This can lead to occurrence of heart attack and stroke. Wearing medical socks is highly advised as it improves circulation and reduces clotting. Medical hoses will end phlebitis by squeezing the veins reducing any excess liquid that may have formed.
This is when a part of your body swells due to unnecessary accumulation of the lymph fluid. This occurs when an interference with normal drainage of lymphatic fluid into the blood. Anti embolism socks can assist in preventing long term lymphedema.
- Swollen Ankles
Apart from various extreme causes, you may find that spending hours on your feet or hours sitting down make your ankles swell. If you have to spend long periods of time standing still, try and get hold of some anti embolism stockings. They will help keep the blood flowing effectively.
What are the Possible Contraindications?
- Panniculitis: This is a disease that causes inflammation of the fatty layer under the skin
- Gangrene: This is where the tissue dies. It is mainly caused by lack of blood, this condition will mainly start showing off through changes in skin color to either black or red, and numbness or even swelling.
- Fasciitis: This is the inflammation of the fascia connective tissue that surrounds nerves and muscles blood vessels
- Cellulitis: This occurs as a result of painful bacterial infection on the skin that usually feels hot and tender when touched. It can affect any part of your body but mostly affects the lower parts of the legs.
- Dermatitis: This is a condition that arises when one experiences itchiness, dry skin, and redness
What Should You Consider When Choosing TED Hoses?
TED hosiery are elastically made and worn around the leg. This medical socks help in curing thromboembolism and are perfectly designed to apply the right amount of pressure. These medical hoses are also worn to protect against progression of venous disorders. The duration where one wears anti embolism socks is usually recommended by the doctors. One can be advised to wear these compression hoses before or after the surgery. In most cases doctors may advise you to wearing them after two weeks.
Style of the Hosiery
Knee length anti embolism stockings: Knee high medical socks end just below the knee and help in reducing swelling of the legs and peripheral edema effects. Thigh High TED stockings: These graduated medical hoses are best in reducing pooling of blood in the leg. These compression socks will also help in preventing orthostatic hypotension. Thigh high with waist belt medical hoses: These anti embolism hoses are specially designed to prevent thrombosis. The anti embolism hosiery features a window that is used for inspecting patient’s progress located at the top of the toe.
Ease of Application
Use of anti embolism stockings (TED) as directed helps to prevent the formation of blood clots in the lower legs. Here are a few major steps you have to follow. Get the ideal pair of anti embolism hoses. Make sure you get the perfect size that fits snugly and comfortably. It is always advisable to have someone else put the anti embolism stockings on for you. Although, you can do it on your own. The first things that you are supposed to do when wearing TED stockings is to fanfold the top linens and turn the stocking inside out down to the heel. Slip the foot of the anti embolism hose over your toes, foot, and heel. The anti embolism hose has an opening in the toe section, which makes it easy to assess the toes in order to ensure they are receiving sufficient blood. Grasp the upper part of the anti embolism stocking and pull it up your leg. The anti embolism hose will turn itself right side out as you pull it up your leg.